Tuesday, October 12, 2010

Variety of Splint

Resting Hand Splint  
Provide rest to soft tissue structures, joint or several joints.
Occupational therapist use this splint to immobilize with such diagnose as rheumatoid arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, fractures and soft tissue repairs. 
Also provide support for joint laxity and ligament injury.

Ulnar Deviation Splint
Prevent further deformity by maintaining stretch on soft tissue to increase range of motion (ROM) and help align and stabilize joints.
Occupational therapist commonly use this splint to help prevent further ulnar deviation deformity for person who have rheumatoid arthritis


Tenodesis Splint

Ideal splint for C6 quadriplegic patients or anyone with wrist extension strength but no finger strength.  
Use as a training device prior to fitting permanent tenodesis orthosis. 
Splint stabilizes thumb and holds index and long fingers slightly flexed. When the wrist is extended, the static line attached to the wrist cuff pulls the finger MP joints into flexion, creating a fingertip pinch ability and gross grasp ability.   
Change size of gross grasp using the adjustable cord lock. Fits left or right hand. To size, measure width at the MP joint

Proximal Interphalangeal (Pip) Joint Flexion Mobilization Splint
Designed for use by individuals with hand disabilities. 
Useful when one or two digits are involved, this kit provides small, pre-bent outriggers that can be placed over the metacarpals or on the fingers. 
Each outrigger holds one rod adjuster/extender rod unit for precise positioning of the MCP, DIP, or PIP joints. 

Dorsal Blocking Splint 
Designed to immobilize the wrist, MCP's and IP joints leaving the thumb free for function. 
Sometimes called a back slab splint and is used clinically following flexor tendon repairs. 
The palmar bar provides maximum support and reduces splint migration.

Anti-Spasticity Ball Splint 
Designed as an anti-spasticity splint with a corrugated finger design, this splint is fabricated using a ball.
It can be made with either a dorsal or volar arm piece. 
Anti-spasticity ball splints position the wrist, abduct the fingers and thumb, and maintain the palmar arch in a reflex-inhibiting position

Thumb spica Splint
The thumb spica splint prevents the thumb from moving and pushing against the palm.  
Occupational therapist often uses this type of splint with patients suffering from a broken thumb.